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James's Board Line
I teach short course teenage students and sometimes have difficulty getting them to speak English in the lessons. If you find this too then draw a line down the side of the board and everytime they speak in their first language rub some of the line off so that it gets shorter. When it reaches the bottom of the board you can either give them homework or prevent them from having a game at the end of the lesson(preferred). Of course, it doesn't work with the most unruly students (does anything?) but it does seem to keep the focus on English in classes that can sometimes be comprised of a students from the same country.
I write 'homework' at the bottom of the line and about two or three inches up I write 'game'; that way I can realise the threat of no game and remind them that they're heading towards homework.
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