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Yes / No Questions #3: Verbs with No Auxiliaries, by Dennis Oliver

 

Simple (Yes / No) Questions #3

 

Simple (Yes / No) questions in English are made in
three similar but different ways. The form of simple
questions depends on whether the statement from which
the question is made has

1.   BE (but no other verb), or
     
2.   an auxiliary verb (including BE) and
a
main verb, or
     
3.   only a main verb (not BE and not with
an
auxiliary.)

________________________________________

Making Simple Questions:
Sentences without BE and
without Auxiliary Verbs


If the sentence to which a simple question is related does
not have BE or an auxiliary verb (BE, has / have / had,
modal auxiliary), use do, does, or did. The form is

Do / Does / Did + subject + verb + other words?

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Do

Use do for yes/no questions in simple present tense
if the subject is (or means) I, you, we, or they:

I need this. ---> Do I need this?

You understand me. ---> Do you understand me?

We have a test tomorrow. --->
Do we have a test tomorrow?

They like sashimi. ---> Do they like sashimi?

________________________________________

Does

Use does for yes/no questions in simple present tense
if the subject is (or means) he, she, or it:

He loves her. ---> Does he love her?

She misses him. ---> Does she miss him?

His computer works. ---> Does his computer work?

________________________________________

Did

Use did for yes/no questions in simple past tense for
all subjects--I, you, he, she, it, we, they:

I forgot something. ---> Did I forget something?

You lost something. ---> Did you lose something?

He left. ---> Did he leave?

She quit her job. ---> Did she quit her job?

Her computer crashed. ---> Did her computer crash?

We needed that. ---> Did we need that?

They had a good time. ---> Did they have a good time?

 

________________________________________

Answering Simple Questions:
Sentences without BE and
without Auxiliary Verbs


For simple questions with an auxiliary verb before the
main verb, there are three possible answers: with Yes,
with No, and with I don't know. The answers with Yes
and No can be complete sentences or "abbreviated
forms." In the "abbreviated forms," the auxiliary verb
is do, does, or did.

 

Examples:

Did Fred talk to you? --->

Yes, Fred talked to me. /
Yes, he did. /
Yes.

No, Fred didn't talk to me. /
No, he didn't. /
No.

I don't know.

 

Did Sophie pass the test? --->

Yes, Sophie passed the test.

Yes, she did.

Yes.

No, Sophie didn't pass the test.

No, she didn't.

No.

I don't know.

 

Did Bill go to the party? --->

Yes, Bill went to the party.

Yes, he did.

Yes.

No, Bill didn't go to the party.

No, he didn't.

No.

I don't know.

etc.

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Special Notes:

1.  

The common verbs do and have can be both
main verbs and auxiliary verbs:

Toby did a good job. (main verb)

Did Toby do a good job? (auxiliary verb,
main verb)

Toby didn't do a good job. (auxiliary verb,
main verb)

 

Alice has two brothers. (main verb)

Alice doesn't have any brothers. (auxiliary
verb: does(n't); main verb: have.

Does Alice have two brothers? (auxiliary
verb: does; main verb: have.

 

We have had enough. (auxiliary verb: have;
main verb: have (past participle)

They had had breakfast before we
saw them. (auxiliary verb: had; main verb:
have (past participle)

     
2.  

Contractions are also common in
"abbreviated" answers, but only
with No:

Does Joe have red hair?

Yes, he does.
No, he doesn't.

Do you want something to eat?

Yes, I do.
No, I don't.

Did Marcia call you?

Yes, she did.
No, she didn't.

     
3.  

When does is the auxiliary verb, there is
no -s ( -es, -ies ) on the main verb:

wrong:
*Does she wants something?

right:
*Does she want something?

wrong:
*Does he has a new car?

right:
*Does he have a new car?

     
4.  

When did is the auxiliary verb, the main
verb is in simple form, not past:

wrong:
*Did she wanted something?

right:
*Did she want something?

wrong:
*Did they had a good time?

right:
*Did they have a good time?

     
5.  

Remember: Do, does, and did are used
when the sentence on which the question is
based does not have BE or an auxiliary +
a main verb.

wrong:
*Does she is here today?

wrong:
*Did she was here yesterday?

wrong:
*Did she already been here?

etc.

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