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Verb Forms and Verb Tenses (#11): Common Irregular Verbs, by Dennis Oliver

 

Verb Forms and Verb Tenses (#11):

List of Base, Past, and Past Participle Forms
for common Irregular Verbs

 

English verbs have five basic forms: the base, - S, -ing, past,
and past participle forms.

The past participles for regular verbs are not very difficult because
they're the same as the past forms. The past participles for irregular
verbs are challenging, however, because they're sometimes the
same as the base form and/or the past form and because they're
sometimes different from both.

Because the base, past, and past participle forms are often taught
and learned together, we've provided a list below. The base, past,
and past participle forms for more than 140 verbs are given.

 

arise / arose / arisen
awake / awoke / awoken, awaked

be / was, were / been
bear / bore / born, borne
beat / beat / beaten
become / became / become
begin / began / begun
bend / bent / bent
bet / bet / bet
bid / bade, bid / bidden, bid
bind / bound / bound
bite / bit / bitten
bleed / bled / bled
blow / blew / blown
break / broke / broken
breed / bred / bred
bring / brought / brought
build / built / built
burn / burned, burnt / burned, burnt
burst / burst / burst
buy / bought / bought

cast / cast / cast
catch / caught / caught
choose / chose / chosen
come / came / come
cost / cost / cost
creep / crept / crept
cut / cut / cut

deal / dealt / dealt
dig / dug / dug
dive / dived, dove / dived
do / did / done
draw / drew / drawn
dream / dreamed, dreamt / dreamed, dreamt
drink / drank / drunk
drive / drove / driven
dwell / dwelt / dwelt

eat / ate / eaten

fall / fell / fallen
feed / fed / fed
fight / fought / fought
find / found / found
flee / fled / fled
fly / flew / flown
forbid / forbade, forbad / forbidden
forget / forgot / forgotten
forgive / forgave / forgiven
forsake / forsook / forsaken
freeze / froze / frozen

get / got / gotten, got
give / gave / given
go / went / gone
grind / ground / ground
grow / grew / grown

hang / hanged, hung / hanged, hung
have / had / had
hear / heard / heard
hide / hid / hidden
hit / hit / hit
hold / held / held
hurt / hurt / hurt

keep / kept / kept
kneel / knelt / knelt
knit / knitted, knit / knitted, knit
know / knew / known

lay / laid / laid
lead / led / led
lean / leaned, leant /
leaned, leant
leap / leaped, leapt /
leaped, leapt
learn / learned, learnt / learned, learnt
leave / left / left
lend / lent / lent
let / let / let
lie / lay / lain
light / lighted, lit / lighted, lit
lose / lost / lost

make / made / made
mean / meant / meant
meet / met / met
mistake / mistook / mistaken

partake / partook / partaken
pay / paid / paid
put / put / put

read / read / read
rend / rent / rent
rid / rid / rid
ride / rode / ridden
rise / rose / risen
run / ran / run

say / said / said
see / saw / seen
seek / sought / sought
sell / sold / sold
send / sent / sent
set / set / set
shake / shook / shaken
shed / shed / shed
shine / shone / shone
shoot / shot / shot
shrink / shrank / shrunk
shut / shut / shut
sing / sang / sung
sink / sank / sank
sit / sat / sat
slay / slew / slain
sleep / slept / slept
slide / slid / slid, slidden
sling / slung / slung
slit / slit / slit
speak / spoke / spoken
speed / sped, speeded / sped, speeded
spin / spun / spun
spit / spat / spat
split / split / split
spring / sprang / sprung
stand / stood / stood
steal / stole / stolen
stick / stuck / stuck
sting / stung / stung
stink / stank / stunk
stride / strode / stridden
strive / strove / striven
swear / swore / sworn
sweep / swept / swept
swim / swam / swum
swing / swung / swung

take / took / taken
teach / taught / taught
tear / tore / torn
tell / told / told
think / thought / thought
throw / threw / thrown
tread / trod / trodden, trod

understand / understood / understood
upset / upset / upset

wake / woke / woken, waked
wear / wore / worn
weave / wove / woven
weep / wept / wept
win / won / won
wind / wound / wound
wring / wrung / wrung
write / wrote / written

 

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