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Verb Forms and Verb Tenses (#7): Past Forms, by Dennis Oliver

 

Verb Forms and Verb Tenses (#7):

Past Forms

 

English verbs have five basic forms: the base form, the - S form,
the - ing form, the past form, and the past participle form.

There are two types of past forms in English: those for regular
verbs and those for irregular verbs.

 

Regular Verbs

All regular verbs have similar endings: - ed, - d , or - ied.
These endings are added to the
base form.

Examples:

brush / brushed
cook / cook
ed
discuss / discuss
ed
fix / fix
ed
jump / jump
ed
look / look
ed
mail / mail
ed
need / need
ed
open / open
ed
pitch / pitch
ed
risk / risk
ed
smell / smell
ed
trust / trust
ed
view / view
ed
wink / wink
ed
  bake / baked
care / care
d
dine / dine
d
file / file
d
giggle / giggle
d
hope / hope
d
like / like
d
paste / paste
d
stare / stare
d
smile / smile
d
type / type
d
use / use
d
whine / whine
d
  bully / bullied
bury / bur
ied
cry / cr
ied
dally / dall
ied
dry / dr
ied
ferry / ferr
ied
fry / fr
ied
marry / marr
ied
party / part
ied
pry / pr
ied
query / quer
ied
tally / tall
ied
tarry / tarr
ied
try / tr
ied
worry / worr
ied

___________________________________________________

 

Irregular Verbs

The irregular verbs do not make the past form by adding- ed,
- d , or - ied. Some have the same base and past form, some
change vowel sounds, and a few have completely different base
and past forms.

Examples (there are many more in each category):

beat / beat
cost / cost
cut / cut
hit / hit
hurt / hurt
let / let
quit / quit
set / set
shed / shed
slit / slit
  arise / arose
break / broke
buy / bought
come / came
draw / drew
fall / fell
find / found
get / got
hide / hid
meet / met
run / ran
see / saw
take / took
write / wrote
  be / was, were
do / did
go / went
have / had

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Next:
spelling regular past forms

 

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