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Using Phrasal Modifiers (#3), by Dennis Oliver

 

Using Phrasal Modifiers (#3)


In Grammar Hints 172 and 173, we reviewed two ways
that phrases can be used to modify nouns. In this Hint,
we have another.

Look at these two sentences:

Alice has a son.
Alice's son is living in Boston.

There are many ways to combine these sentences. One way
is by using "living in Boston" as a phrasal modifier:

Alice has a son living in Boston.

More than one -ing phrase can be used to describe a noun.
To see how this works, let's add a sentence to the ones
we used above:

Alice has a son.
Alice's son is living in Boston.
Alice's son is working as an engineer.

As before, there are many ways to combine these sentences,
but one way is by using the -ing phrases as modifiers:

Alice has a son living in Boston
and working as an engineer.

If the same verb is used for more than one -ing phrase,
the -ing phrases are combined a little differently:

Do you know the man?
The man is wearing a brown suit.
The man is wearing a yellow shirt.

Do you know the man wearing the
brown suit and the yellow shirt?


Notice that . . .

1.   . . . -ing (participial) phrases come after the noun
that they modify.
     
2.   . . . if there are two or more -ing phrases, they can
be combined with and. (How they are combined
depends on the -ing verbs.)


______________________________________________


How would you combine the sentences below by using
-ing phrases as modifiers?

The young woman is my cousin.
The young woman is wearing black clothes.
The young woman is wearing lots of silver jewelry.

The person is my supervisor.
The person is standing at the door of the office.
The person is welcoming the visitors.

The young woman is my friend Sheila.
The young woman is talking on the phone.
The young woman is making notes.

The man looks familiar.
The man is wearing a baseball cap.
The man is wearing a green shirt.
The man is wearing jeans.

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