In many sentences with passive verbs, the actual direct
object of the verb becomes the subject
of the verb in
a passive sentence:
Someone is stealing Bill's car! (active) ----->
is being stolen! (passive)
Someone stole Bill's car! (active) ----->
was stolen! (passive)
Someone has stolen Bill's car! (active) ----->
has been stolen! (passive)
The passive can also be used
in sentences that have two
objects--a direct object and an indirect object. Because
with both a direct and an indirect object
can be written
in two different ways (with and without
to or for), the
corresponding passive sentences can also
be written in two
Someone gave a million dollars
to Bill. ----->
A million dollars was given to Bill.
Someone gave Bill a million
Bill was given
a million dollars
a crazy letter to Cathy. ----->
A crazy letter
was sent to Cathy.
Someone sent Cathy a crazy
Cathy was sent
a crazy letter.
Someone will lend the money
to you. ----->
The money will be lent to you.
Someone will lend you the
You will be lent the money.
Someone is passing a note
to John. ----->
A note is being passed to John.
Someone is passing John a
John is being passed a note.
Someone has bought a present
for our boss. ----->
A present has been bought for our boss.
Someone has bought our boss
a present. ----->
Our boss has been bought a present.
Someone will leave the directions
for you. ----->
The directions will be left for you.
Someone will leave you the
You will be left the directions.
Someone will draw a map for
A map will be drawn for you.
Someone will draw you a map.----->
You will be drawn a map.
Some verbs show indirect objects
with to, other verbs show
with for, and a few verbs show indirect objects
with both to and for.
Here a few examples:
|to + I.O.
||for + I.O.
||to / for + I.O.
bring (something) to (someone) means 'bring
and give it to (someone).'
bring something for (someone) means 'bring
that is intended for (someone).
leave (something) to (someone) means
for (someone) to have
(something) as an inheritance.'
leave (something) for (someone) means
that is intended for (someone).'