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Using Capital Letters #3, by Dennis Oliver

Using Capital Letters (#3)

 

Capital (or upper-case) letters are important in English,
and there are many situations when you should use
them. We've already reviewed several basic situations
when capital letters are needed. Here's another very
common one:

Use capitals for the first letter of names of countries,
nationalities, and languages:

Argentina / Argentinian (Argentine) / Spanish
Belgium / Belgian / Flemish, French, German
Brazil / Brazilian / Portuguese
Chile / Chilean / Spanish
Ethiopia / Ethiopian / Amharic
Germany / German / German
Hungary / Hungarian / Hungarian
Indonesia / Indonesian / Bahasa Indonesia
Iran / Iranian, Persian / Persian (Farsi)
Kenya / Kenyan / Swahili, English
Jordan / Jordanian / Arabic
Korea / Korean / Korean
Laos / Laotian / Lao
Mexico / Mexican / Spanish
Norway / Norwegian / Norwegian
Peru / Peruvian / Spanish
Romania / Romanian / Romanian
Serbia / Serbian / Serbian
Tunisia / Tunisian / Arabic (French)
Ukraine / Ukrainian / Ukrainian
Venezuela / Venezuelan / Spanish
Zambia / Zambian / English (Bantu)

China / Chinese / Mandarin
Japan / Japanese / Japanese
Lebanon / Lebanese / Arabic, French
Malta / Maltese / Maltese, English
Myanmar / Burmese / Burmese
Portugal / Portuguese / Portuguese
Nepal / Nepalese / Nepali
Senegal / Senegalese / French
Vietnam / Vietnamese / Vietnamese

Bahrain / Bahraini / Arabic
Iraq / Iraqi / Arabic
Israel / Israeli / Hebrew
Kuwait / Kuwaiti / Arabic
Oman / Omani / Arabic
Pakistan / Pakistani / Urdu, English
Qatar / Qatari / Arabic
Somalia / Somali, Somalian / Somali
United Arab Emirates / Emirati / Arabic
Yemen / Yemeni / Arabic

Denmark / Danish / Danish
England / English / English
Finland / Finnish / Finnish
Ireland / Irish / English, Gaelic
Poland / Polish / Polish
Spain / Spanish / Spanish
Sweden / Swedish / Swedish
Turkey / Turkish / Turkish

Czech Republic / Czech / Czech
France / French / French
Netherlands / Dutch / Dutch

Greece / Greek / Greek
Iceland / Icelandic / Icelandic
Slovakia / Slovak / Slovak

Madagascar / Madagascan, Malagasy /
Malagasy, French

Philippines / Filipino / Pilipino

Thailand / Thai / Thai

Liechtenstein / Liechtensteiner /
German, Alemannic

Luxembourg / Luxembourger /
French, German, Luxembourgisch

Monaco / Monegasque / French

U.S.A. / American / English

 

Special Note:

Usually the name for a nationality and the name for
the people of a country are the same, but sometimes
they're different.

Examples:

Cyprus / Cypriot
Denmark / Dane
Finland / Finn
Iceland / Icelander
Monaco / Monegasque
Philippines / Filipino
Poland / Pole
Serbia / Serb
Spain / Spaniard
Sweden / Swede
Switzerland / Swiss
Thailand / Thai
Turkey / Turk
United States / American

 

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