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Simple Present Tense #2, by Dennis Oliver

 

Verb Tenses: Simple Present (#2)

 

In simple present tense, there are special forms for verbs.
The verb be uses am, are, and is. Verbs other than be
use two forms: the base form and the "/ S / form."
The "/ S /" form is used when the subject is (or means)
he, she, or it.

There are three ways to make the "/ S / form":

1.

  by changing final y to i, then adding - s.
     

2.

  by adding - es;
     

3.

  by adding - s.

 

Detail / Examples:

1.

 

changing final y to i, then adding - s

This happens when a verb ends in
a consonant + y:

I, you, we, they   cry
deny
fly
pry
spy
try
     
he, she, it   cries
denies
flies
pries
spies
tries

     

2.

 

adding - es

This happens in two situations:

a. when a verb ends in o:

I, you, we, they   do
echo
go
solo
     
he, she, it   does
echoes
goes
soloes

b. when a verb ends in s, ss, sh, zz, (t)ch,
and x:

I, you, we, they  

bus
gas

confess
fuss
pass

blush
finish
gnash
rush
wash

buzz
fizz

catch
itch
reach
search
touch

coax
fax
vex
wax

     
he, she, it  

buses
gases

confesses
fusses
passes

blushes
finishes
gnashes
rushes
washes

buzzes
fizzes

catches
itches
reaches
searches
touches

coaxes
faxes
vexes
waxes

     

3.

 

adding - s

This happens with most verbs.

Notice what happens when a verb
ends in a vowel + y, however:

I, you, we, they   decoy
employ
flay
pray
spay
     
he, she, it   decoys
employs
flays
prays
spays

Compare the above verbs with verbs
that end in a consonant + y:

I, you, we, they   decry
imply
fly
pry
spy
     
he, she, it   decries
implies
flies
pries
spies

__________________________________


Special Note:

The common verb have doesn't follow
the usual rules:

I / you / we / they have
he / she / it has

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Next: Uses of Simple Present Tense

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