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The Present Perfect Progressive Tense (#1), by Dennis Oliver

 

The Present Perfect Progressive Tense (#1)

 

 

The present perfect tense can be simple or progressive.
These two different kinds of present perfect are different
in both form and meaning / usage.

Let's look at the form first.


The Present Perfect Progressive Tense

Form

 

The present perfect progressive tense combines the form
of the present perfect (has or have + the past participle)
with the form of all progressive tenses (BE + an -ing verb).

This is how these forms are combined:


subject
 
has
/ have
  BE
PP
 
Ving

I
you
we
they

he
she
it
 

have



has
 

 

 


been

 

 

 


working

             

I
you
we
they

he
she
it
 

have



has
 

 

 


been

 

 

 


living

             

I
you
we
they

he
she
it
 

have



has
 

 

 


been

 

 

 


trying

_________________________________________

 

As in the present perfect, the subject + have / has is
frequently
contracted:


contraction
  BE
PP
 
Ving

I've
you've
we've
they've

he's
she's
it's
 

 

 

been

 

 

 

working

         

I've
you've
we've
they've

he's
she's
it's
 

 

 

been

 

 

 

living

         

I've
you've
we've
they've

he's
she's
it's
 

 

 

been

 

 

 

trying

_________________________________________

 

Negatives are also formed as in the present perfect--
with
not. The negative forms may also be contracted:

negative
contraction
  BE
PP
 
Ving

I've not / I haven't
you've not / you haven't
we've not / we haven't
they've not / they haven't

he's not / he hasn't
she's not / she hasn't
it's not / it hasn't
 

 

 

been

 

 

 

working

         

I've not / I haven't
you've not / you haven't
we've not / we haven't
they've not / they haven't

he's not / he hasn't
she's not / she hasn't
it's not / it hasn't
 

 

 

been

 

 

 

living

         

I've not / I haven't
you've not / you haven't
we've not / we haven't
they've not / they haven't

he's not / he hasn't
she's not / she hasn't
it's not / it hasn't
 

 

 

been

 

 

 

trying

_________________________________________

 

Finally, questions are also formed as in the present perfect:

I've been feeling tired. --->
Have you been feeling tired?

You've been working hard. --->
Have you been working hard?

He's been watching TV. --->
Has he been watching TV?

??? has been studying. --->
Who has (Who's) been studying?

??? people have been trying to contact him. --->
How many people have been trying to contact him?

She's been ???ing. --->
What has she been doing?

She's been working ???. --->
How long has she been working? /
Where has she been working?

He's been reading ???. --->
What has he been reading?

He's been reading a ??? book. --->
What kind of book has he been reading?

??? They've been trying hard. ??? --->
They've been trying hard, haven't they? /
They haven't (they've not) been trying hard, have they?

??? It's been raining a lot. ??? --->
It's been raining a lot, hasn't it? /
It hasn't (it's not) been raining a lot, has it?


_______________________________________

Next: uses of the present perfect
progressive tense
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