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Prepositions: Using "To" and & "Toward" for Places, by Dennis Oliver


Prepositions #7:
Using To and Toward for Places

 

The preposition to is another common preposition
of place. It is normally used with a verb showing
movement and shows the result of the movement--
the place or person that the movement was toward
or in the direction of. The preposition toward
has a similar meaning, but it's not exactly the same:
with toward, the direction of the movement is
shown, but not the result.

A <====== to ====== B
(B arrived at A)

A <==== toward ==== B
(B is on the way to A)

A ====== to ======> B
(A arrived at B)

A ==== toward ====> B
(A is on the way to B)


Examples

Jamil walks to work every day.

When I saw Jamil, he was walking toward his office.

They'll drive to San Francisco during the weekend.

They started driving toward San Francisco Friday
afternoon, but they didn't arrive there until Saturday.

Yesterday Billy rode his bicycle to the park.

When Billy was riding his bicycle toward the park,
he stopped at Joey's house.


_____________________________________


Special Note:

To is actually more general than toward and can
be used instead of toward. Toward cannot be
used instead of to, however:

same:

When I saw Jamil, he was walking toward
his office. / When I saw Jamil he was walking
to his office

different:

Jamil walks to work every day. / Jamil walks
toward work every day.

same:

When Billy was riding his bicycle toward the park,
he stopped at Joey's house. / When Billy was riding
his bicycle to the park, he stopped at Joey's house.

different:

Yesterday Bilyl rode his bicycle to the park. /
Yesterday Billy rode his bicycle toward the park.

 

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