Of is also commonly used with directions to show the
general way to travel from one location to another:
north of Main Street
west of the train station
east of Phoenix, Arizona
northwest of the bank
When directions are used with of in this way, the
direction before of shows the way to go when moving
to a new location from the location that is named:
north of Main Street =
From Main Street, go north .
northwest of the bank =
From the bank, go northwest.
Expressions such as those above can be made more
exact by adding a measurement of distance:
2.5 miles north of Main Street
four blocks west of the train station
about 200 miles east of Phoenix, Arizona
half a block northwest of the bank
If a measurement of distance is given, it shows how far
to go when moving from the named location:
2.5 miles north of Main Street =
From Main Street, go north for 2.5 miles.
half a block northwest of the bank =
From the bank, go northwest for half a block.