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Information Questions (#5): Answers for Subject Questions, by Dennis Oliver

 

 Information Questions (#5):
Answers for Questions about the Subject

 

There are are several different ways to answer "Wh-"
questions. One way is to give a complete answer. In
a complete answer for "Wh-" questions about the
subject (or part of it), the sentence is often repeated:

Q:
A:
Who's in the kitchen?
Bob's in the kitchen.
   
Q:
A:
Which man is Bob's father?
The tall man in the red jacket is Bob's father. /
Bob's father is the tall man in the red jacket.
   
Q:
A:
Whose brother was with us yesterday?
Mei-Li's brother was with us yesterday.
   
Q:
A:
What was given to Bill?
A $10,000 prize was given to Bill.
   
Q:
A:
How many people will come to the party?
About 40 people will come to the party?
   
Q:
A:
How much sugar was used in these cookies?
Two cups of sugar were used in these cookies.
   
Q:
A:
Who bought a new car?
Masha and her husband bought a new car.
   
Q:
A:
Whose students do the most homework?
Mrs. Sato's students do the most homework.

Note: Complete answers are correct, but short answers
(see below) are more common.

 

____________________________________________

 

Short answers are also common for "Wh-" questions
about the subject (or part of it). One way to answer
(which is very common in everyday conversations) is
to say the
subject:

Q:
A:
Who's in the kitchen?
Bob.
   
Q:
A:
Which man is Bob's father?
The tall man in the red jacket is Bob's father. /
The tall man in the red jacket.
   
Q:
A:
Whose brother was with us yesterday?
Mei-Li's brother.
   
Q:
A:
What was given to Bill?
A $10,000 prize.
   
Q:
A:
How many people will come to the party?
About 40.
   
Q:
A:
How much sugar was used in these cookies?
Two cups.
   
Q:
A:
Who bought a new car?
Masha and her husband.
   
Q:
A:
Whose students do the most homework?
Mrs. Sato's students.

 

____________________________________________

 

Another type of short answer consists of the subject +
BE / auxiliary / do, does, or did:

Q:
A:
Who's in the kitchen?
Bob is.
   
Q:
A:
Who's sitting beside Chiharu?
Amel is.
   
Q:
A:
Who has already finished?
We have.
   
Q:
A:
Who drank the last of the milk?
Joe did.
   
Q:
A:
Who might know the answer?
Ahmed might.

Note: Answers of this kind are common for questions
about the
complete subject.

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