Information Questions (#5): Answers for Subject Questions, by Dennis Oliver

Information Questions (#5):
Answers for Questions about the Subject

There are are several different ways to answer "Wh-"
questions. One way is to give a complete answer. In
a complete answer for "Wh-" questions about the
subject (or part of it), the sentence is often repeated:

 Q:A: Who's in the kitchen?Bob's in the kitchen. Q:A: Which man is Bob's father?The tall man in the red jacket is Bob's father. /Bob's father is the tall man in the red jacket. Q:A: Whose brother was with us yesterday?Mei-Li's brother was with us yesterday. Q:A: What was given to Bill?A \$10,000 prize was given to Bill. Q:A: How many people will come to the party?About 40 people will come to the party? Q:A: How much sugar was used in these cookies?Two cups of sugar were used in these cookies. Q:A: Who bought a new car?Masha and her husband bought a new car. Q:A: Whose students do the most homework?Mrs. Sato's students do the most homework.

Note: Complete answers are correct, but short answers
(see below) are more common.

____________________________________________

Short answers are also common for "Wh-" questions
about the subject (or part of it). One way to answer
(which is very common in everyday conversations) is
to say the
subject:

 Q:A: Who's in the kitchen?Bob. Q:A: Which man is Bob's father?The tall man in the red jacket is Bob's father. /The tall man in the red jacket. Q:A: Whose brother was with us yesterday?Mei-Li's brother. Q:A: What was given to Bill?A \$10,000 prize. Q:A: How many people will come to the party?About 40. Q:A: How much sugar was used in these cookies?Two cups. Q:A: Who bought a new car?Masha and her husband. Q:A: Whose students do the most homework?Mrs. Sato's students.

____________________________________________

Another type of short answer consists of the subject +
BE / auxiliary / do, does, or did:

 Q:A: Who's in the kitchen?Bob is. Q:A: Who's sitting beside Chiharu?Amel is. Q:A: Who has already finished?We have. Q:A: Who drank the last of the milk?Joe did. Q:A: Who might know the answer?Ahmed might.

Note: Answers of this kind are common for questions
about the
complete subject.

 Dave's ESL Cafe is maintained by the one and only Dave Sperling. Banner Advertising | Bookstore / Alta Books | FAQs | Articles | Interview with Dave Copyright © 1995-2007 Dave's ESL Cafe | All Rights Reserved | Contact Dave's ESL Cafe | Site Map