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Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#16), by Dennis Oliver



The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries
are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there
is no easy way to change a country's name to its adjective form because
several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words
for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.

Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms,
and the words used for their citizens.


Countries, Adjective Forms,
and Nationalities (#16)



Vanuatu   Ni-Vanuatu*   Ni-Vanuatu*
Venezuela   Venezuelan   Venezuelan
Vietnam   Vietnamese   Vietnamese
Yemen   Yemeni   Yemeni
Yugoslavia, Federal
Republic of
Zambia   Zambian   Zambian
Zimbabwe   Zimbabwean   Zimbabwean



Special Notes:

1.   Notice the unusual adjective and nationality form for
Vanuatu: Ni-Vanuatu (the adjective and nationality
forms are the same).
2.   The union of Serbia and Montenegro is also known as the
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Because this country
is composed of two former republics, there are different
adjectives and nationality forms for each one:
(adjective and nationality form for Serbia) and Montenegrin
(adjective and nationality form for Montenegro).


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