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Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#13), by Dennis Oliver

 

 

The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries
are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there
is no easy way to change a country's name to its adjective form because
several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words
for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.

Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms,
and the words used for their citizens.

 

Countries, Adjective Forms,
and Nationalities (#13)

country
 

adjective
 

nationality
       
Sierra Leone   Sierra Leonean   Sierra Leonean
         
Singapore   Singaporean   Singaporean
         
Slovakia   Slovak   Slovak
         
Slovenia   Slovenian*   Slovene*
         
Solomon Islands   Soloman Islander   Solomon Islander
         
Somalia   Somali   Somali
         
South Africa   South African   South African
         
Spain   Spanish*   Spaniard*
         
Sri Lanka   Sri Lankan   Sri Lankan
         
Sudan   Sudanese   Sudanese
         
Suriname   Surinamese*   Surinamer*
         
Swaziland   Swazi   Swazi
         
Sweden   Swedish*   Swede*
         
Switzerland   Swiss   Swiss
         
Syria   Syrian   Syrian

_____________________________________________________< /FONT>

 

Special Notes:

1.   For Slovenia, notice the different adjective and nationality
forms:
Slovenian (adjective), Slovene (nationality).
     
2.   Notice that Spain also has different adjective and nationality
forms:
Spanish (adjective), Spaniard (nationality).
     
3.   Suriname has different adjective and nationality forms, also:
Surinamese (adjective), Surinamer (nationality).
     
4.    Sweden is another country with different adjectives and
nationality forms:
Swedish (adjective), Swede (nationality).

 

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