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Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#12), by Dennis Oliver

 

 

The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries
are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there
is no easy way to change a country's name to its adjective form because
several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words
for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.

Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms,
and the words used for their citizens.

 

Countries, Adjective Forms,
and Nationalities (#12)

country
 

adjective
 

nationality
       
Qatar   Qatari   Qatari
         
Romania   Romanian   Romanian
         
Russia   Russian   Russian
         
Rwanda   Rwandan   Rwandan
         
Saint Kitts
and Nevis
  Kittian*,
Nevisian*
  Kittian*,
Nevisian*
         
Saint Lucia   Saint Lucian   Saint Lucian
         
Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines
  Saint Vincentian,
Vincentian*
  Saint Vincentian,
Vincentian*
         
Samoa   Samoan   Samoan
         
San Marino   Sanmarinese   Sanmarinese
         
São Tome
and Príncipe
  São Tomean   São Tomean
         
Saudi Arabia   Saudi Arabian,
Saudi*
  Saudi
         
Senegal   Senegalese   Senegalese
         
Serbia and
Montenegro
  Serbian,
Montenegrin*
  Serbian,
Montenegrin*
         
Seychelles   Seychelles   Seychellois*

___________________________________________________

 

Special Notes:

1.   For Saint Kitts and Nevis, notice that there are separate
adjective and nationality forms:
Kittian and Nevisian.
     
2.   For Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, notice that
there are two different adjective and nationality forms:
Saint Vincentian and Vincentian.
     
3.   For Saudi Arabia, notice that both Saudi Arabian and
Saudi are used as adjective forms, but only Saudi is used
as the nationality form.
     
4.    Because Serbia and Montenegro were once separate
countries, there are separate adjectives and nationality
forms:
Serbian and Montenegrin.
     
5.    Notice the nationality form for Seychelles: Seychellois.

 

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