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Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#11), by Dennis Oliver

 

 

The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries
are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there
is no easy way to change a country's name to its adjective form because
several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words
for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.

Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms,
and the words used for their citizens.

 

Countries, Adjective Forms,
and Nationalities (#11)

country
 

adjective
 

nationality
       
Oman   Omani   Omani
         
Pakistan   Pakistani   Pakistani
         
Palau   Palauan   Palauan
         
Panama   Panamanian   Panamanian
         
Papua
New Guinea
  Papua
New Guinean
  Papua
New Guinean
         
Paraguay   Paraguayan   Paraguayan
         
Peru   Peruvian*   Peruvian*
         
Philippines   Philippine   Filipino*
         
Poland   Polish   Pole*
         
Portugal   Portuguese   Portuguese

___________________________________________________

 

Special Notes:

1.   Notice the v in the adjective form and the nationality form
for
Peru.
     
2.  

Some people say The Philippines instead of Philippines.
Also, some people use two different nationality forms for
this country:
Filipino (M) and Filipina (F).

The plural form is Filipinos.

     
3.   Notice that the adjective form for Poland is Polish, but
the nationality form is
Pole. (Polish is also the language.)

 

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