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Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#9), by Dennis Oliver



The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries
are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there
is no easy way to change a country's name to its adjective form because
several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words
for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.

Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms,
and the words used for their citizens.


Countries, Adjective Forms,
and Nationalities (#9)



Macedonia, The Former
Yugoslav Republic of
  Macedonian   Macedonian
Madagascar   Malagasy*   Malagasy*
Malawi   Malawian   Malawian
Malaysia   Malaysian   Malaysian
Maldives   Maldivian   Maldivian
Mali   Malian   Malian
Malta   Maltese   Maltese
Marshall Islands   Marshallese   Marshallese
Mauritania   Mauritanian   Mauritanian
Mauritius   Mauritian   Mauritian
Mexico   Mexican   Mexican
Micronesia, Federated
States of
  Micronesian   Micronesian,
Kosrae, Pohnpeian,
Trukese, Yapese*
Moldova   Moldovan   Moldovan
Monaco   Monegasque,
Mongolia   Mongolian   Mongolian
Mozambique   Mozambican   Mozambican
Myanmar   Burmese*   Burmese*



Special Notes:

1.   Note that the adjective and nationality forms used for
Madagascar are unusual: Malagasy is used for both.
2.   Because The Federated States of Micronesia
consists of a group of islands, the adjective form is
Micronesian. Micronesian can also be used
as a general nationality form, but forms related to
the names of individual islands are also used:
Pohnpeian, Trukese, Yapese.
3.   Both Monegasque and Monacan are used for
the adjective and nationality forms for
Monegasque is much more common.
4.   Myanmar was known as Burma until 1989. The
new name is commonly used for the country, but
the old adjective and nationality forms (
are still used.

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