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Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#6), by Dennis Oliver

 

The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries
are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there
is no easy way to change a country's name to its adjective form because
several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words
for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.

Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms,
and the words used for their citizens.

 

Countries, Adjective Forms,
and Nationalities (#6)

 country
 

 adjective
 

nationality
         
Haiti   Haitian   Haitian
         
Honduras   Honduran   Honduran
         
Hungary   Hungarian   Hungarian
         
Iceland   Icelandic   Icelander
         
India   Indian   Indian*
         
Indonesia   Indonesian   Indonesian
         
Iran   Iranian   Iranian*
         
Iraq   Iraqi   Iraqi
         
Ireland   Irish   Irishman* (men),
Irishwoman* (women)
         
Israel   Israeli   Israeli
         
Italy   Italian   Italian

____________________________________________________

 

Special Notes:

1.   In the U.S., East Indian is sometimes used as a nationality
form for
India (because the native peoples of North and
South America are sometimes called
Indians).
     
2.   Note that Persian is sometimes used instead of Iranian
for both the adjective and nationality forms for
Iran.
     
3.   The nationality forms for Ireland also include the Irish
as a collective plural (meaning "all the Irish people").

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