Site Search:

Countries, Adjective Forms, and Nationalities (#3), by Dennis Oliver

 

The adjective forms for countries and the names for citizens of countries
are often confusing in English. This happens for two reasons. First, there
is no easy way to change a country's name to its adjective form because
several different endings are used for this purpose. Second, the words
for nationalities are often the same as the adjective forms, but not always.

Here is more information on names of countries, their adjective forms,
and the words used for their citizens.

 

Countries, Adjective Forms,
and Nationalities (#3)

 country
 

 adjective
 

nationality
         
Cambodia
(Kampuchea)*
  Cambodian
(Kampuchean)*
  Cambodian
(Kampuchean)*
         
Cameroon   Cameroonian   Cameroonian
         
Canada   Canadian   Canadian
         
Cape Verde   Cape Verdean   Cape Verdean
         
Central African
Republic
  Central African   Central African
         
Chad   Chadian   Chadian
         
Chile   Chilean   Chilean
         
China   Chinese   Chinese
         
Colombia   Colombian   Colombian
         
Comoros   Comoran   Comoran
         
Congo, Democratic
Republic of*
  Congolese   Congolese
         
Congo, Republic of   Congolese   Congolese
         
Costa Rica   Costa Rican   Costa Rican 
         
Côte d'Ivoire
(Ivory Coast)
  Ivorian   Ivorian
         
Croatia   Croatian   Croat
         
Cuba   Cuban   Cuban
         
Cyprus   Cypriot   Cypriot
         
Czech* Republic   Czech*   Czech*

____________________________________________________

 

Special Notes:

 

1.   Cambodia is sometimes called Kampuchea. If Kampuchea
is used, use
Kampuchean for both the adjective form and
the nationality.
     
2.  

Two countries, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and
the Republic of the Congo have very similar names.

The Democratic Republic of the Congo was known as Zaire
in the past. It is sometimes called Congo-Kinshasa today.

The Republic of the Congo is a totally different country.

The adjective and nationality forms for both of these
countries are the same:
Congolese.

     
3.   In English, Czech is pronounced the same as check.

Dave's ESL Cafe is maintained by the one and only Dave Sperling.
Banner Advertising | Bookstore / Alta Books | FAQs | Articles | Interview with Dave
Copyright © 1995-2007 Dave's ESL Cafe | All Rights Reserved | Contact Dave's ESL Cafe | Site Map